The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, its main task being the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as establishing peacekeeping operations, international sanctions, and authorizing military actions through Security Council resolutions. The Security Council consists of 15 member states. The great powers, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, and the United States serve as the body’s five permanent members. These permanent members can veto any substantive Security Council resolution, including those on the admission of new member states or candidates for Secretary General.
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Human Rights Council
The United Nations Human Rights Council, replacing the former United Nations Human Rights Commission, is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations framework with 47 member-States, and its responsibility is to promote and protect all human rights on a global scale. It was established in 2006 and its Seat is at the UN offices at Geneva, Switzerland. As Ban Ki-moon stated, “all victims of human rights abuses should be able to look to the Human Rights Council as a forum and a springboard for action.”
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The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of the United Nations’ six main bodies. Its annual sessions are held in New York and Geneva. ECOSOC deals with the world’s economic, social and environmental challenges. It coordinates the UN’s work on these topics and aims to enhance living conditions worldwide by issuing respective policy recommendations to member states. Due to its broad spectrum of responsibilities, about 70 % of the UN’s human and financial resources are managed by ECOSOC. To fulfill its tasks, ECOSOC employs a variety of special agencies, functional and regional commissions.
The Committee on Disarmament and International Security (1st Committee of the General Assembly of the United Nations) is the Committee responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security. The mandate of one of the main committees of the General Assembly is devoted to disarmament and any threat to peace that may affect the international community as we know it. The endeavors of the 1st Committee of the GA are also focused on seeking solutions to any possible and future challenges that the regime of international security may face.
The General Assembly allocates to its Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Affairs Committee, commonly referred to as the “Third Committee”, its agenda items relating to a range of social, humanitarian affairs and human rights issues that affect people all over the world. An important part of the work of the Committee focuses on the examination of human rights questions, including reports of the special procedures of the Human Rights Council which was established in 2006.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of United Nations and coordinates its environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices. It was founded by Maurice Strong, its first director, as a result of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference) in June 1972 and has its headquarters in the Gigiri neighborhood of Nairobi, Kenya. UNEP also has six regional offices and various country offices.
If you are reading this, you reached the crème de la crème of Model United Nations, the cherry on top of the cake: The crisis committee. By mere definition, it is a small body brought together to deal with an issue of immediate importance. Fair enough. But we like to think of it as much more than that. BISMUN’s Crisis committee will demand all your skills as a delegate: Broad knowledge of concurrent political issues, good debating skills, leadership and collaboration. We aim at challenging these skills to get the most out of every single delegate.