The Disarmament and International Security Committee (1st Committee of the UN General Assembly) deals with disarmament, global challenges and threats to peace that affect the international community and seeks out solutions to the challenges in the international security regime.
Devoted to “the establishment and maintenance of international peace and security,” the Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC) of the United Nations (UN) focuses on the topics of arms control, pacifistic conflict resolution, and global safety. As a General Assembly (GA) Mains Committee, DISEC is inclusive of all UN Member States, serving as a large forum for discussion on all topics regarding international security. Each member has one vote.
Though the Security Council (UNSC) is the only UN body capable of imposing force upon Member States (economically, militarily, or otherwise), the First Committee makes valuable recommendations to the Security Council on all aspects of matters that place global peace at risk. Because the First Committee’s legislative process incorporates the voice of every Member States to the UN, its resolutions are always respected and considered by the Security Council. These resolutions are also salient due to their normative nature.
Download: DISEC – Country Matrix
Topic 1: The use of drones and autonomous robots
The use of drones is an expanding phenomenon; they present a number of advantages, but also numerous challenges. The drones and autonomous robots have many applications, from civilian to military and from combat to support roles.
They are particularly problematic from a legal point of view, since they lack a specific legal framework and it is disputed whether they are in line with basic international humanitarian law principles (such as the principle of distinction between combatants and noncombatants, the principle of avoiding superfluous wounds or unnecessary injuries).
Topic 2: The privatisation of war – the role of PMSCs
PMSC (Private Military and Security Companies) are becoming more and more active in areas of armed conflict. In spite of this, except for the instances when they are involved directly in armed combat under the supervision of military officials, they are not subject to military jurisdiction or to the rules and codes of conduct applicable to military staff.
Numerous states rely on PMSCs and, occasionally, the UN– either directly, or indirectly, when states contribute with PMSCs to the UN peacekeeping operations. The privatization of war appears to be an unavoidable process; therefore the international development needs to be prepared to address this development properly.
Thus far, the only legal document in this respect is the Montreux Document, which outlines the international obligations and good practices for PMSCs; unfortunately, this is not a legally-binding agreement and only 17 countries participated in the consultations.
Ronja Harder – Switzerland
During her BA studies, she has participated at a number of national and international MUN conferences, both as a chair and as a delegate.
During that time, she was also active in her University’s MUN association and she is currently on the board of UNA Switzerland. Issues related to security and peace have caught Ronja’s interest very early in her studies which is why she is looking forward to be debating under the theme of BISMUN 2014 Conference: Just and Unjust Wars in the GA First Committee on Disarmament and International Security.
Andrei-Alexandru Stoica – Romania
He started participating at MUNs since 2010 and currently strides to do achievments in the field of International Public Law, Humanitarian Law and Refugee Law, while also strives as much as possible in the field of general law.
During the years of study, he has and still is part of the United Nations Youth Association of Romania, Ex-BISMUN, and is looking forward to chair DISEC and try and post obstacles in the path of many.