The Disarmament and International Security Committee (1st Committee of the UN General Assembly) deals with disarmament, global challenges and threats to peace that affect the international community and seeks out solutions to the challenges in the international security regime.
Devoted to “the establishment and maintenance of international peace and security,” the Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC) of the United Nations (UN) focuses on the topics of arms control, pacifistic conflict resolution, and global safety. As a General Assembly (GA) Mains Committee, DISEC is inclusive of all UN Member States, serving as a large forum for discussion on all topics regarding international security. Each member has one vote.
Though the Security Council (UNSC) is the only UN body capable of imposing force upon Member States (economically, militarily, or otherwise), the First Committee makes valuable recommendations to the Security Council on all aspects of matters that place global peace at risk. Because the First Committee’s legislative process incorporates the voice of every Member States to the UN, its resolutions are always respected and considered by the Security Council. These resolutions are also salient due to their normative nature.
Download: Country Matrix BISMUN 2015
Topic A: Revising the Ottawa Treaty: Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction
Anti-personnel landmines were firstly used during World War II. Their use cost the lives of several military personnel and civilians as well. They are considered to be the most inhumane form of indirect war contact, due to the fact that in many occasions they have been used not to kill, but seriously injure people, in order to acquire medical care.
In 1977, in the Geneva Convention, targeting civilians with any kind of weapons was prohibited. Following this path, in 1991, several NGOs, launched the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL), which led to the conduction and signing of the Ottawa treaty, in 1997.
Since then, important steps have been taken; many areas in the world have been declared landmine-free. Nevertheless, there are still states that have neither signed nor ratified the Ottawa treaty and conflicts have occurred between the member states, concerning the destruction process.
STUDY GUIDE: DISEC Topic A
Topic B: Implementation of the declaration of the Indian Ocean as a peace zone
In 1971 the General Assembly, adopted a declaration making the Indian Ocean a zone of peace. It calls the States not to use the Indian Ocean, including the air space above and the ocean floor subjacent, in any way that can threaten peace in the area and calls for the elimination of all military installations in the region. Subsequently, an ad hoc committee was established in 1972, however, it has not yet been possible to reach consensus among the member states on the implementation of the declaration. The Indian Ocean remains until today remains an active maritime domain for India, China and the USA, all of who keep a significant military presence in the area and tensions between them are rising. With the emergence of other issues like piracy, regional cooperation has become an important aspect in the Indian Ocean and this declaration that was adopted to ease tensions during the cold war period, is showing that not much have changed.
STUDY GUIDE: DISEC Topic B
GIANNIS GAVRIILIDIS – Greece
Giannis is 24 years old and hails from the island of Crete. He’s currently an undergraduate student of the International and European Affairs department at University of Macedonia in Thessaloniki. His academic field is focused on Eastern Europe and Russian Politics, a field he had a chance to explore better through his Erasmus studies program last year at the Jagiellonian University in Poland.
In his free time he enjoys reading, playing video games and cross fit training!
He has participated in several MUN conferences around Europe and Asia and he often describes them as “whole package experience” since he thinks they are a complete experience where you can learn, communicate with others and have fun. He is very passionate about international relations and the role of international organizations and will share this passion with his delegates.
PRODROMOS NIKOLAIDIS – Greece
Prodromos is an undergraduate student at the Faculty of Political Science of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. He’s been an energetic member of the simulation conferences community since 2008 and right now his studies focus on international relations affairs and security. He also has major interest in Politics (Greek and worldwide), and he is a member of various organizations with social, economic and political domains. Focusing on his personal life, he is interested in music, literature and sports and back in Greece he owns a traditional cafeteria.
With upcoming sessions of DISEC, Prodromos is very excited to chair such an important committee and expects from the delegates to input their effort and ideas, in order to live up to DISEC’s demanding level and facilitate an outcome which will ensure peace, security and multilateral cooperation worldwide.