The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, its main task being the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as establishing peacekeeping operations, international sanctions, and authorizing military actions through Security Council resolutions. The Security Council consists of 15 member states. The great powers, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, and the United States serve as the body’s five permanent members. These permanent members can veto any substantive Security Council resolution, including those on the admission of new member states or candidates for Secretary General. The Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve staggered two-year terms. What’s more, the body’s presidency rotates monthly among its members.
The Security Council held its first session on 17th January 1946 at Church House, Westminster, London. Since then, the Security Council has taken permanent residence at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City. It also travelled to many cities, holding sessions in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in 1972, in Panama City, Panama, and in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1990. The UNSC’s resolutions are typically enforced by UN peacekeepers – military forces voluntarily provided by member states, and funded independently of the main UN budget.
1. A latent conflict between two nuclear powers. (India – Pakistan case)
2. De-escalating the Yemeni Civil War
Seden HORTOGLU and Dimitrios ZACHAROPOULOS
Country Matrix Security Council
|Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)|
|People's Republic of China|
|The Russian Federation|