The Committee on Disarmament and International Security (1st Committee of the General Assembly of the United Nations) is the Committee responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security. The mandate of one of the main committees of the General Assembly is devoted to disarmament and any threat to peace that may affect the international community as we know it. The endeavors of the 1st Committee of the GA are also focused on seeking solutions to any possible and future challenges that the regime of international security may face.
DISEC includes all the member states of the UN in its corps, following the principle of ‘’one member, one vote’’, providing the opportunity to member states to focus, among others, on issues of arms control and global safety. Although the 1st Committee of the GA does not possess the exclusive and binding mandate of the Security Council, it is constantly in full cooperation with this main body of the UN, by making recommendations that concern the field of international peace and security. The normative nature of the resolutions of this committee renders them salient, let alone respected by the Security Council.
1. Improvement of cooperation on security in the Mediterranean region
The Mediterranean region represents a very specific bridge between continents and cultures, representing an unique array of political, cultural, economic and other differences, namely between the North and South Mediterranean countries. It has long been a region important to global security because of its economic resources, invaluable trade routes, and to international security. The recent developments within the region have been inflamed by the movements of refugees, which have highlighted the security risks of this region. These security risks include: trafficking, smuggling and otherwise illegal crossing of borders of both people, illegal substances and weapons, etc. Furthermore, it seems that national governments cannot seem to find a solution to the question of migrants and their perilous journey throughout the region. The region is a shared global responsibility and, therefore, there needs to be a joint response to the growing security risks in the region in order to ensure peace and security for the Mediterranean region.
2.Implementation of the convention on the prohibition of chemical weapons: the case of Syria
The debate on how to effectively terminate the usage of chemical agents in various aspects of warfare has been present to a great degree in the UN General Assembly First Committee, especially in the aspect of erosion of previous non-proliferation and disarmament regimes. An unfortunate example of backtracking on respecting agreements when it comes to disarmament of chemical weapons is Syria, who admitted the usage of such agents but had not gone through with the implementation of eliminating the chemical agents in their possession. The international response has been strong against Syria’s use of Chemical Weapons and any attacks that it has conducted in the recent years. Yet there is not an united front regarding government responsibility. Many States continue to debate upon what degree the Syrian government is responsible, which has limited the solution and proper implementation of the convention. It is important that the case of Syria is solved because the country still has chemical weapon stockpiles and they still continue to use them in combat, which has devastating effects on civilians and combatants alike.
Ema Džejna Smolo
|United States of America|
|Democratic People's Republic of Korea|
|United Arab Emirates|
|Central African Republic|
|Democratic Republic of Congo|