The United Nations Fourth Committee of the General Assembly, also known as the Special Political and Decolonization Committee, deals with a vast range of topics which include those related to decolonization, Palestinian refugees, outer space, atomic radiation and University for Peace. SPECPOL has been successful in the past with solving issues regarding decolonization and ensuring international security, but in 2015, the focus will perhaps concern not only international issues, but outer space itself.
1.Assistance to Palestinian Refugees
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a continuing conflict that remains at a stalemate. One of the most controversial and complicated matters dealt by the United Nations that still to this day has not reached a peaceful ending. Starting from its creation, the State of Israel has been a controversial country with the Partition Plan and the Balfour Declaration. This inevitable conflict has evolved tremendously since the proclamation of Israel as an official state on May 14th 1948. This has been an ongoing conflict that needs to be more effectively managed in order to more efficiently help aid those refugees in the region who are in need. It has become evident that the initiatives that are in place are essential to help those affected by the violence in the region. United Nations Relief and Works Agency’s (UNRWA) mandate goes until 2020 and has already existed since 1949. If the conflict cannot be solved it becomes essential that the Fourth Committee further strengthen their approach in order to further improve this agency and possibly find other solutions to help the Palestinian refugees. Considering that the conflict with Israel involves many neighbouring countries, this increases the conflict and tensions regarding the question of how much power this and other agencies may be given to address the issue of the Palestinian refugees in the region.
2.Monitoring the migrant crisis and civil unrest in the Republic of South Sudan
After the declaration of South Sudanese independence following a 20-year civil war between the central government of the Republic of Sudan, the regional governments and the militia groups from the southern states of the country; its 10 southern states seceded forming, in 2011, the Republic of South Sudan. However, peace and stability were not everlasting as a brutal civil war followed soon after, which claimed the lives of approximately 400,000 people and caused the displacement of 3,600,000 civilians, which created an urgent humanitarian and political crisis in a country who had little self governance experience and restricted financial capabilities. At the same time, after the secession, there was a new border conflict due to disputed regions. Abyei is one of the regions and has 124.000 total population and total area of 10,546 km2, which lies at the border of the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan. After a series of protocols and diplomatic disputes, it was decided that the fate of the Abyei region should be decided by a referendum, which was supposed to take place in January of 2011, simultaneously with the referendum for South Sudanese independence. However, this referendum never took place due to disagreements in regards to the voting rights of the people groups of the region. The migrant crisis skyrocketed during 2018 according to the United Nations High Commission on Refugees and the status quo of Abyei is to be yet directly addressed since 2011. It is evident that there is a need for the Fourth Committee’s involvement in the South Sudanese political crisis and the dispute over the governance of the Abyei region. All in all, it is important that there is a promotion of peace, stability and cooperation in the region while ensuring the sustainability of an entire nation.
Tomas Sielaff Alvarez
|United States of America|
|United Arab Emirates|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo|