The General Assembly allocates to its Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Affairs Committee, commonly referred to as the “Third Committee”, its agenda items relating to a range of social, humanitarian affairs and human rights issues that affect people all over the world. An important part of the work of the Committee focuses on the examination of human rights questions, including reports of the special procedures of the Human Rights Council which was established in 2006.
The Committee also discusses the advancement of women, the protection of children, indigenous issues, the treatment of refugees, the promotion of fundamental freedoms through the elimination of racism and racial discrimination, and the right to self-determination. The Committee also addresses important social development questions such as issues related to youth, family, aging, people with disabilities, crime prevention, criminal justice and international drug control.
1.Tackling climate change and its consequences for developing regions
Climate Change is an ongoing global issue that has dangerous consequences for the entire world. This is especially true for developing regions who suffer accelerating threats from climate change and do not have the financial ability to address these issues. The rising global temperatures could lead to devastating consequences such as: the rising sea levels; risk of increased droughts and floods; increased and more intense heat waves. These consequences from global warming are especially dangerous for developing regions. For instance, many of the coastal cities are in developing regions where their populations are at risk from the rising sea levels and their governments do not have the proper ability to address the threat. Furthermore, these changes to the climate have also led to a rise in climate refugees, which has increased consequences for many nations where they do not have the capacity to provide for these refugees. It is, therefore, an issue that the General Assembly Third Committee must address because climate change is an ongoing problem that affects the world’s populations. It is not simply enough for sovereign nations to handle this on their own; it is a global issue that must have global solutions.
2.Protecting sexual and reproductive rights of women
Women in many countries do not have right to make decisions about their own bodies. The sexual and reproductive rights of women continue to be attacked within many governments. A worrying number of governments continue to limit and control the options and education of women regarding their sexual and reproductive rights. Furthermore, this has cultural consequences as many communities within these countries will persecute and condemn the decisions made by women. Decisions that should be given to them because of their right to have autonomy over their bodies. Beyond the decisions that women should have the right to make, sexual and reproductive rights should also include the ability for women to be free from sexual violence, genital mutilation, forced sterilization, forced pregnancy, forced abortion, etc. Yet, these rights are not given to women by many governments including the United States of America. It is important to protect the sexual and reproductive rights of women because without them, a woman’s life is put into danger from the political, cultural and social repercussions that they can face.
|Democratic Republic of Congo|
|United States of America|