The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of the United Nations’ six main bodies. Its annual sessions are held in New York and Geneva. ECOSOC deals with the world’s economic, social and environmental challenges. It coordinates the UN’s work on these topics and aims to enhance living conditions worldwide by issuing respective policy recommendations to member states. Due to its broad spectrum of responsibilities, about 70 % of the UN’s human and financial resources are managed by ECOSOC. To fulfill its tasks, ECOSOC employs a variety of special agencies, functional and regional commissions.
1.Ensuring food security in war zones
The goal of this topic is to discuss how humanitarian aid will be provided to civilians that are in war zones, so as to ensure the security of their foods and a solution to food shortage. It is one of the main problems that devastate the lives of people in War Zones. The main issue of food security consists of having full access to food both physically and economically which is something that cannot be achieved in war zones, due to the lack of an organized country and government.
Civil wars and armed conflicts are usually the main causes in countries that suffer from food emergencies, because of their detrimental effects on agriculture and economy. The results are starvation and the death of many people. But, wars also have longterm effects on food security.
For this purpose, United Nations launched the Zero Hunger Challenge in 2012 in order to motivate the global movement towards a world free from hunger within a generation. Also, food security is one of the main goals of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the UN’s development agenda for the 21st century. The second of the UN’s 17 SDGs is to “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture”.
2.Establishing an international framework for encouraging women’s economic empowerment
Economic empowerment includes the idea of empowerment and economic advancement. Regarding the economic empowerment, it is one of the factors that guide successfully in the marketplace. It combines the increasing skills and access to productive resources, and that helps women to make and act upon decisions in order to benefit from economic growth and development.
The position of women in society is one the main factors that affect career opportunities and their income, that called gender pay gap. Gender equality is considered by the UN Development Program crucial in order to achieve sustainable development and to improve global economy. ECOSOC has always taken this matter into serious consideration, as they submitted the Resolution 2001/41 on gender mainstreaming in July 2001. The delegates of the Committee will be called to focus on micro economic strategies, which will aim to macro-economic strategies that will have positive impact on the issue, think of ways to help women in rural areas and discuss upon maternal leave and social security. Furthermore, SDG number 5, Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls, aids to this purpose, with the main target of ending all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere, not only in the private-sphere but also in the public-sphere.
|United States of America|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines|