United Nations Security Council

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, its main task being the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as establishing peacekeeping operations, international sanctions, and authorizing military actions through Security Council resolutions. The great powers, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, and the United States serve as the body’s five permanent members. These permanent members can veto any substantive Security Council resolution, including those on the admission of new member states or candidates for Secretary General. The Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve staggered two-year terms. What’s more, the body’s presidency rotates monthly among its members. 


The situation of Kurdish people in the Middle East: Conflict in Northern Syria between Turkey and
Syrian Kurds

The Kurdish people comprise the fourth largest ethnic group in the Middle East, with their
population numbering between 20 – 40 million and their history dating back to 6th century BC. Living
in a mountainous region of Western Asia known as Kurdistan, which spans southeastern Turkey,
northwestern Iran, northern Iraq, and northern Syria, they haven't been able up until today to form
an independent ethnic state. In 2015 the third phase of the Kurdish–Turkish conflict between various
Kurdish insurgent groups and the Turkish government erupted following the failure of a two and a
half year-long peace process. The conflict has been gradually escalating since then causing
destabilization in the region, infrastructure loss, but above all numerous atrocities against civilians
and innocent people. On October 7 2019, the USA announced the withdrawal of the US forces from
North Syria, which, previously, were fighting along with the Syrian Democratic Forces (led by the YPG
(People’s Protection Units)) ISIS fighters in the area. This event followed Turkey’s President’s
announcement of the “Operation Peace Spring”, a cross-border military operation against the Syrian
Democratic Forces, which led to the bombing of YPG controlled areas and military bases. This
conflict ended up being a huge humanitarian catastrophe resulting in more than seventy deaths of
civilians and 300,000 displacements.



 Dimitra Psychari
Petros Karakanas

Côte d’Ivoire
Dominican Republic
Equatorial Guinea
People's Republic of China
Russian Federation
South Africa
United Kingdom
United States of America